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Calling the end of One China Policy - Heritage Foundation

For immediate release                                                                                    February 26, 2004
                                       

U.S. REPRESENTATIVES/SCHOLARS CALL FOR END TO U.S. ONE CHINA POLICY

The Washington DC based think tank "The Heritage Foundation" held a seminar on Thursday February 26, titled: "RETHINKING  ONE CHINA':  A fiction more dangerous than useful?"

U.S. Representatives Peter Deutsch (D-FL), Joe Hoeffel (D-PA), Dana Rohrabacher (R-CA) and Robert Andrews (D-NJ) presented compelling cases for an abolishing of the policy which dates from 1972 when President Nixon "opened up" China.

Rep. Deutsch stated: "Congress is universal in its support of a Taiwan referendum."

Rep. Rohrabacher added to the discussion of a Taiwan referendum: "If the people of Taiwan want to have a referendum on an issue, then they should have it. Anyone who opposes that has a lack of understanding of the fundamentals."

Rep. Hoeffel stated: "We ought to have a vote on a Congressional resolution supporting a Taiwan referendum, in solidarity with the people of Taiwan."

Rep. Andrews concluded: "It is essential that the U.S. support an independent Taiwan."

The Heritage Foundation's John Tkacik: "Why can't we say there is one China and one Taiwan? Taiwan is a full-fledged independent democracy after all?" He added: "If you accept that China has sovereignty over Taiwan, then you legitimize China's use of force against Taiwan. If you want to lessen the chance of war, you need to lessen the legitimacy of china's threat to use force."

The Heritage Foundation's Harvey Feldman define the One China Policy: "The One China policy does not mean that Taiwan is part of China."

Harvard scholar Ross Terrill said: "The U.S. position for the moment should be: leaning towards an acknowledgment of Taiwan's independence."

University of Pennsylvania scholar Arthur Waldron suggested to Congressman Deutsch to collect on a statement in support of a Taiwan referendum. He added: "Good policy should be based on reality. And not on a relic of the 70's. We therefore need to throw off the shackles of the One China Policy."

American Enterprise Institute scholar Tom Donnelly concluded the seminar with the statement: "The One China policy is headed for the dustbin of history."

AIT Director Therese Shaheen was among the attendants.

FAPA President Ming-chi Wu, Ph.D. states: "It is in U.S. interest to recognize Taiwan for the independent country that it is. Peace and stability in East Asia is best served by the United States having a good relationship with both China and Taiwan. China's delusion that the world thinks Taiwan is an inalienable part of China only emboldens Beijing to think that the United States will do nothing if China attacks Taiwan. The One China policy therefore needs to be abolished for it is dangerous."

FAPA 新聞稿】                                                                           【2004年2月26日】

Contact: Iris Ho at 202-547-3686

 

美國國國會議員與專家學者們呼籲揚棄過時的「一中政策」

 

美國華府頗富盛名的傳統基金會(Heritage Foundation)於今日(二十六日)舉辦「重估『一個中國』政策」研討會。

 

由於台灣在國會一向受到跨黨派的支持,分屬民主、共和兩黨也是眾議院台灣連線成員的多義奇(Peter Deutsch, D-FL)、霍佛(Joseph Hoeffel, D-PA)、羅拉巴克(Dana Rohrabacher, R-CA)與安德魯斯(Robert Andrews, D-NJ)眾議員們,在今日特地抽空參加這場座談會,暢談揚棄「一中政策」,一個尼克森時代,為了拉攏中國以圍堵前蘇聯所遺留下的冷戰產物。

 

雖然今日研討會的主題是「重估『一個中國』政策」,由於近日來公投為最熱門的議題,與會的議員與學者們也就台灣三月份即將舉行的公民投票,一致表示支持的態度。

 

有意角逐佛羅里達州參議員席次的多義奇議員表示:「美國國會無異議的支持台灣公投。」

 

加州的羅拉巴克議員則表示:「世界上所有的人都有權利自行決定其前途,這是人權的基本原則之一 如果台灣人民有意願就某個議題舉行公投,他們理應有權這樣做。任何反對這樣舉動(公投)的人就是不瞭解(人權)基本原則。」

 

有意角逐賓州參議員席次的霍佛議員也表示:「我們應該在國會裡有一決議案支持台灣公投,以展現我們團結一致與台灣人民站在一起。」

 

安德魯斯眾議員更明白表示:「支持一個獨立的台灣是必要的。」

 

傳統基金會學者譚慎格(John Tkacik)表示:「我們為什麼不能大聲地說出一中一台?如果你相信中國擁有台灣主權,那麼你就是承認中國有權利攻打台灣的正當性。如果要降低中國攻打台灣的機率,那麼就必須試著減低中國使用武力的正當性。」

 

傳統基金會學者也是台灣關係法起草人之一的費浩偉(Harvey Fledman)則表示:「一中政策並不等於承認台灣是中國的一部份。」

 

 

 

賓州大學教授林霨(Arthur Waldron)認為:「一個好的政策應該是依據台海現狀來制訂,而不是仍停留在七零年代的時空背景;我們應該掙脫一中政策的桎梏。」林霨並當場建議與會的國會議員們聯署一份公開聲明,支持台灣公民投票的行使。

 

美國企業研究所的國防安全專家多內利(Tom Donnelly)則從美國區域與全球戰略的立場來做分析。他表示:「維持台海軍事平衡與揚棄一中政策對美國全球戰略有著關鍵性的影響。一中政策即將成為歷史的塵埃。」

 

哈佛大學教授特里爾(Ross Terrill)則表示:「美國今日的立場應該是傾向於認知台灣獨立的事實。」

 

值得一提的是美國在台協會主席夏馨(Therese Shaheen)今日也特地出席這場研討會。

 

台灣人公共事務會會長吳明基表示:「承認台灣是一個主權獨立的國家其實是符合美國的利益。

如果今天美國政府不揚棄過時的一中政策,只會讓北京當局誤認為美國默認中國宣稱擁有台灣主權的立場,將讓中國更加自欺欺人地認為台灣是中國不可分割的一部分,並進而誤判美國將對於中國的武力犯台坐視不管。」

 

吳明基接著表示:「現今美國一中政策危險之處,在於它與現今台海現狀脫節,否認今日台灣蓬勃發展的民主制度。一個與現實脫節的政策怎麼能確保美國利益?唯有一個真實承認台海現況的政策,才是一個正確而且合理的政策,也才是確保美國利益的根本之道。

 

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