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    Taiwan at a Glance

Size : 13,800 sq. miles. Approximate size of W. Virginia
   
Location :  100 miles off China's coast between Japan and the Philippines
   
Capital : Taipei City
   
Population : 23 million: 84% Taiwanese (70% Hoklo, 14% Hakka); 14% "mainlanders" from China between '45-'49; 2% Aborigines
   
Urban Pop. : 58%
   
Language : Taiwanese; Government language: Mandarin Chinese
   
Literacy : 93.2%
   
Religion : Predominantly Buddhist, Taoist, and Protestant
   
Economy : Export oriented industry
   
Major Industries: Construction, textiles, electronics, petroleum refining, food processing, plywood, cement, and shipbuilding
   
Currency : New Taiwan Dollar; 1 US$ = 31 NT$
   
Per Cap. GDP : US$15,370
   
World Indicators: 13th largest trader, third largest holder of foreign reserves; 8th largest trading partner of the US
   
Unemployment: 1.7%
   
Government : Multi-party Republic
   
Ruling party : Democratic Progressive Party (DPP)
   
Opposition : Nationalists Party (KMT), Taiwan Independence Party, People First Party, New Party
   
Head of State : President Chen Shui-bian
   
Military : Active Forces: 376,000; Reserves: 1,657,000
   
Military Budget: US$9.5 Billion; 28% of government spending
   
Security Alliance:  U.S. security guarantees in the 1979 Taiwan Relations Act

Last Updated on 08/21/2000

 


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