OF THE PEOPLE'S REPUBLIC OF CHINA
THE UNITED STATES OF AMERICA
Honorable [Senator's name]
United States Senate
Washington, DC 20510
Senator [Senator's name]:
writing to express my deepest concern over the future of
China-U.S. relations in the wake of the passage by U.S.
House of Representatives of the so-called "Taiwan Security
Enhancement Act" (TSEA) on February 1, 2000.
the obvious ideological, political and economic differences,
China and the United States have been able to build a workable
and mutually-beneficial relationship in the past 20 years
and more through six U.S. Administrations, both Democratic
and Republican, often with strong bipartisan support from
Congress. But TSEA threatens to destroy the very basis of
that relationship. Let me show you how the bill harms China-U.S.
negates the "one China" principle. This "bedrock" principle
says that there is but one China in the world with Taiwan
being part of China and that the U.S. recognizes the government
of the People's Republic of China as the sole legal government
of China and, within that context, it will maintain only
unofficial relations with Taiwan. The bill, however, treats
Taiwan as a separate country and, in calling for direct
secure communications and enhanced operational training
and exchanges between the armed forces of the U.S. and Taiwan,
it creates a formal military relationship similar, if not
entirely identical, to the official U.S.-Taiwan relations
in the pre-1979 period, thus undermining the basic framework
of China-U.S. normalization.
violates the three China-U.S. Joint Communiqués,
particularly the 1982 August 17th Communiqué in both
letter and spirit. The U.S. pledges in the document that
it does not seek to carry out a long-term policy of arms
sales to Taiwan, that its arms sales to Taiwan will not
exceed, either in qualitative or in quantitative terms,
the level of those supplied in recent years since the establishment
of diplomatic relations between China and the United States,
and that it intends gradually to reduce its sale of arms
to Taiwan, leading, over a period of time, to a final resolution.
TSEA, however, insists on determining the nature and quality
of U.S. arms sales to Taiwan solely on the basis of the
"Taiwan Relations Act" (TRA) to the exclusion of any alternative
basis such as the August 17th Communiqué or similar
executive agreements. By doing so, it allows the U.S. side
to forfeit its solemn international obligations. What is
more, judging from the weapons list contemplated during
the TSEA's deliberation, such as TMD system, attack submarines
and guided-missile destroyers, the U.S. will substantially
increase its arms sales to Taiwan. This will pose a severe
threat to China's security, increase the chances of military
confrontation in the Taiwan
and destabilize Asia-Pacific situation by emboldening the
already recalcitrant separatist forces on the island.
-It fans up a "China threat" hysteria. In order to
justify their extreme stance, the sponsors of the bill need
to paint an ominous picture of a war-mongering China.
The annual reports that the DOD is required to submit on
the security situation in the Taiwan Straits and on U.S.
military response to contingencies in the region will serve
this purpose. How can China-U.S. relations be expected
to go forward and smoothly when such threadbare Cold-War
technique is put to use against a country that is concentrating
on domestic economic development while seeking to build
towards a constructive strategic partnership with the United
Facts have shown that TSEA, which is a serious infringement
on China's sovereignty and gross interference in China's
internal affairs, is no ordinary bill. It is the brainchild
of the infamous FAPA, a locally registered pro-independence
Taiwan lobby whose job is to get U.S. politicians as well
as legislations to advance their separatist cause.
Conventional wisdom shows that supporting such a bill that
promotes everything a Taiwan-independence advocate stands
for would amount to supporting rising tension and instability
in the Asia-Pacific region, allowing grave, even irreparable,
damage to China-U.S. relations and weakening critical
U.S. security, political and commercial interests in the
region and around the world.
With Hong Kong and Macao now returned, the 1.25 billion
people of China are all the more anxious to see their motherland
reunified. We hope to settle the Taiwan question on
the basis of "peaceful reunification and one country, two
systems." Despite current obstacles posed by Lee Teng-hui's
"two-state" fallacy, we are still in favor of cross-straits
exchanges and of holding negotiations to solve the political
differences between the two sides. As one Chinese
leader recently put it, in the context of the "one China"
principle anything can be put on the table. In view
of the subtle political situation in Taiwan, the delicate
state of cross-straits relations and the numerous opportunities
and challenges our two countries must take on together in
the new century, Congress should approach the Taiwan issue
with extra caution. Failure to do so may entail explosive
developments and risk unraveling of what our two countries
have worked so hard and so long to build. The last
thing Congress can do, as I see it, is to make the ill-conceived
and counter-productive TSEA into law.
It is in this connection that I appeal to you, Mr. Senator,
for your vision and wise judgment in the consideration of
the controversial bill. It is my hope that common
sense and an appreciation of the long-term American national
interests would prevail.