THE HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES
BROWN of Ohio (for himself and Mr. CHABOT, Mr. ROHRABACHER,
Mr. LARSON, Mr. LANTOS, Mr. STARK and Mr. ENGLISH) introduced
the following bill; which was referred to the Committee
on International Relations
the participation of Taiwan in the World Health Organization.
enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the
United States of America in Congress assembled,
SECTION 1. CONCERNING THE PARTICIPATION OF TAIWAN IN THE
WORLD HEALTH ORGANIZATION (WHO).
(a) FINDINGS.—The Congress makes the following findings:
Good health is a basic right for every citizen of the world
and access to the highest standards of health information
and services is necessary to help guarantee this right.
Secretary of State shall initiate a United States plan to
endorse and obtain observer status for Taiwan at the annual
week-long summit of the World Health Assembly in May 2000
in Geneva, Switzerland, and shall instruct the United States
delegation to Geneva to implement such plan.
(2) Direct and unobstructed participation in international
health cooperation forums and programs is therefore crucial
for all parts of the world, especially with today’s greater
potential for the cross-border spread of various infectious
diseases such as AIDS.
(3) Taiwan’s population of 22,000,000 people is larger than
that of 3 /4 of the member states already in the WHO.
(4) Taiwan’s achievements in the field of health are substantial,
including one of the highest life expectancy levels in Asia,
maternal and infant mortality rates comparable to those
of western countries, the eradication of such infectious
diseases as cholera, smallpox, and the plague, and the first
to be rid of polio and provide children with free hepatitis
(5) In 1998, an outbreak of enterovirus 71 killed 70 Taiwanese
children whose deaths could have been prevented if Taiwan
would have had access to the WHO.
(6) In recent years Taiwan has expressed a willingness to
assist financially and technically in WHO supported international
aid and health activities, but
has been unable to render such assistance.
(7) The WHO has allowed observers to participate in the
activities of the organization, including the Palestinian
Liberation Organization, the Knights
of Malta, and the Vatican.
(8) The United States, in the 1994 Taiwan Policy Review,
declared its intention to support Taiwan’s participation
in appropriate international organizations.
(9) Public Law 106–137 required the Secretary of State to
submit a report to Congress on administration efforts to
support Taiwan’s participation in international organizations,
in particular the WHO.
(10) On January 4, 2000, the State Department issued its
report to the Congress, "Taiwan Participation in the World
which notes that ‘‘historically, observers have sometimes
been authorized at the World Health Assembly meetings’’
but refuses to follow the spirit of the
1994 Taiwan Policy Review and endorse Taiwanese participation
in this manner.
(11) In light of all benefits that Taiwan’s participation
in the WHO can bring to the state of health not only in
Taiwan, but also regionally and globally, Taiwan and its
22,000,000 people should have appropriate and meaningful
participation in the WHO.
(c) REPORT.—Not later than 14 days after the date of the enactment
of this Act, the Secretary of State shall submit a written
report to the Congress in unclassified form containing the
plan required under subsection (b).