Hundred Seventh Congress
States of America
THE FIRST SESSION
and held at the City of Washington on Wednesday,
third day of January, two thousand and one
Concerning the participation of Taiwan in the World Health
it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of
the United States of America in Congress assembled,
1. CONCERNING THE PARTICIPATION OF TAIWAN IN THE WORLD HEALTH
FINDINGS- The Congress makes the following findings:
Good health is important to every citizen of the world
and access to the highest standards of health information
and services is necessary to improve the public health.
Direct and unobstructed participation in international
health cooperation forums and programs is beneficial for
all parts of the world, especially with today's greater
potential for the cross-border spread of various infectious
diseases such as the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV),
tuberculosis, and malaria.
Taiwan's population of 23,500,000 people is larger than
that of 3/4 of the member states already in the World
Health Organization (WHO).
Taiwan's achievements in the field of health are substantial,
including one of the highest life expectancy levels in
Asia, maternal and infant mortality rates comparable to
those of western countries, the eradication of such infectious
diseases as cholera, smallpox, and the plague, and the
first to eradicate polio and provide children with hepatitis
The United States Centers for Disease Control and Prevention
and its Taiwan counterpart agencies have enjoyed close
collaboration on a wide range of public health issues.
In recent years Taiwan has expressed a willingness to
assist financially and technically in international aid
and health activities supported by the WHO.
On January 14, 2001, an earthquake, registering between
7.6 and 7.9 on the Richter scale, struck El Salvador.
In response, the Taiwanese government sent 2 rescue teams,
consisting of 90 individuals specializing in firefighting,
medicine, and civil engineering. The Taiwanese Ministry
of Foreign Affairs also donated $200,000 in relief aid
to the Salvadoran Government.
The World Health Assembly has allowed observers to participate
in the activities of the organization, including the Palestine
Liberation Organization in 1974, the Order of Malta, and
the Holy See in the early 1950's.
The United States, in the 1994 Taiwan Policy Review, declared
its intention to support Taiwan's participation in appropriate
Public Law 106-137 required the Secretary of State to
submit a report to the Congress on efforts by the executive
branch to support Taiwan's participation in international
organizations, in particular the WHO.
In light of all benefits that Taiwan's participation in
the WHO can bring to the state of health not only in Taiwan,
but also regionally and globally, Taiwan and its 23,500,000
people should have appropriate and meaningful participation
in the WHO.
to instruct the United States delegation to Geneva to
implement that plan.
REPORT- Not later than 14 days after the date of the enactment
of this Act, the Secretary of State shall submit a written
report to the Congress in unclassified form containing the
plan authorized under subsection (b).
of the House of Representatives.
President of the United States and
of the Senate.