CONGRESS 1ST SESSION
February 6, 2001
IN THE HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES
Mr. BROWN of Ohio (for himself and Mr. CHABOT, Mr. ROHRABACHER, Mr. WU,
Mr. BERMAN, Mr. ANDREWS. Mr. WYNN, Mr. CAPUANO, Mr. SESSIONS,
Mr. WEXLER, Mr. BILIRAKIS, Mr. DEUTSCH, Mr. NEY, Mr. COX,
Ms. TAUSCHER, Ms. PRYCE, Mr. LANTOS, Mr. CALVERT and Mr.
STARK) introduced the following bill; which was referred
to the Committee on International Relations
Concerning the participation of Taiwan in the World Health Organization.
Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United
States of America in Congress assembled,
SECTION 1. CONCERNING THE PARTICIPATION OF TAIWAN IN THE WORLD HEALTH
The Congress makes the following findings:
(1) Good health is a basic right for every citizen of the world and access
to the highest standards of health information and services
is necessary to help guarantee this right.
(2) Direct and unobstructed participation in international health cooperation
forums and programs is therefore crucial for all parts of
the world, especially with today=s greater potential for the cross-border spread of various infectious
diseases such as AIDS.
population of 22,000,000 people is larger than that of 3
/4 of the member states already in the WHO.
achievements in the field of health are substantial, including
one of the highest life expectancy levels in Asia, maternal
and infant mortality rates comparable to those of western
countries, the eradication of such infectious diseases as
cholera, smallpox, and the plague, and the first to be rid
of polio and provide children with free hepatitis B vaccinations.
(5) In 1998, an outbreak of enterovirus 71 killed 70 Taiwanese children
whose deaths could have been prevented if Taiwan would have
had access to the WHO.
(6) In recent years Taiwan has expressed a willingness to assist financially
and technically in WHO supported international aid and health
activities, but has been unable to render such assistance.
(7) The WHO has allowed observers to participate in the activities of
the organization, including the Palestinian Liberation Organization,
the Knights of Malta, and the Vatican.
(8) The United States, in the 1994 Taiwan Policy Review, declared its
intention to support Taiwan=s participation in appropriate international organizations.
(9) Public Law 106B137 required the Secretary of State to submit a report to Congress on
administration efforts to support Taiwan=s participation in international organizations, in particular the WHO.
(10) On January 4, 2000, the State Department issued its report to the
Participation in the World Health Organization,@
which notes that Ahistorically,
observers have sometimes been authorized at the World Health
Assembly meetings@ but refuses to follow the spirit of the 1994 Taiwan Policy Review and
endorse Taiwanese participation in this manner.
(11) In light of all benefits that Taiwan=s participation in the WHO can bring to the state of health not only in
Taiwan, but also regionally and globally, Taiwan and its
22,000,000 people should have appropriate and meaningful
participation in the WHO.
Secretary of State shall initiate a United States plan to
endorse and obtain observer status for Taiwan at the annual
week-long summit of the World Health Assembly in May 2001
in Geneva, Switzerland, and shall instruct the United States
delegation to Geneva to implement such plan.
later than 14 days after the date of the enactment of this
Act, the Secretary of State shall submit a written report
to the Congress in unclassified form containing the plan
required under subsection (b).